Ole Miss Journalism Students Investigate Climate Change in Mississippi

By LaReeca Rucker

Nationally and globally, much of the conversation about climate change has been territorial and political. In Mississippi, state leaders have spoken of it rarely, if ever. However, the state’s science, industrial, agricultural and energy sectors have been working to address change and devise strategies.

A desire to explore the issue more in-depth led University of Mississippi School of Journalism and New Media professors and students to study the topic within the state. The result is the project Climate Change in Mississippi that focuses on “what is,” not “what if.” In other words, practices, not policy.

Charlie Mitchell, a journalist and associate professor of journalism who helped lead the project, said the premise was that too many people have formed opinions about climate change without seeing how it relates to their daily lives. The project aims to report this relevance as a factual resource among political chatter.

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“Climate change is a super-broad topic, and much reporting is along political lines or appeals to emotion,” Mitchell said. “The students worked to identify front-line people in Mississippi dealing with change directly or indirectly and tell their stories about what’s happening, what’s being researched and what’s expected.

“The point was to deal with fact, not speculation or opinion.”

Jared Poland, a senior integrated marketing communications major from Chattanooga, Tennessee, plans to work after graduation in public relations at an agency, nonprofit or for a political action committee.

“I saw this class as an opportunity to use my public relations skills to shed light on the effects of climate change felt by everyday Mississippians,” he said. “The depth reporting class gave me the opportunity to spend time creating a series of stories that describe at length the 2019 floods in the Mississippi Delta and how the backwater flooding related to climate change and affected individuals.”

University of Mississippi journalism student Jared Poland takes photos while working on the Climate Change in Mississippi project. Submitted photo

Poland said he immersed himself in the issue, traveling to the Delta twice and speaking with community leaders, locals, a climatologist and other knowledgeable individuals about the floods and the pumps.

“I was able to see firsthand the hardships they had faced due to the flooding and was able to speak with them about the proposed pump project that almost everyone believed was the solution to the floods,” he said. “I also learned about their lives, their families, their passions and their hardships caused by the floods.”

Students honed their research, interviewing and writing skills and worked to become better at identifying relevant facts and sources, then weaved the information into an understandable and compelling narrative.

UM’s journalism school has a history of producing relevant depth reports on national and international topics ranging from the emerging economy in post-war Sri Lanka to the intersection of good food and poor health in the Mississippi Delta, Mitchell said.

“Former Dean Norton identified this topic as crucial, and it was decided students here and students at the University of Nebraska would tackle the topic simultaneously,” he said.

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Besides Poland, the UM student reporting team included Danielle Angelo, Anne Florence Brown, Lydia Cates, Will Corley, Abbey Edmondson, Cody Farris, Jacob Meyers, Eliza Noe, William Schuerman, Tamara Tyes and Lauren Wilson.

Team advisers included faculty members John Baker, Michael Fagans, Mitchell, Norton and Darren Sanefski, and graphic designer Hannah Vines.

This issue has affected Delta residents since the early 1900s, Poland said. “The project that is believed to be the solution to the floods was originally proposed in 1941,” he said. “I was able to speak with individuals who have spent their entire life dealing with floods and fighting for solutions to prevent them.”

“As someone deeply interested in politics, I was fascinated by the pumps project and the political discourse and conflicts that have unfolded surrounding it, including the EPA’s veto of the project in 2008. It has been a heavily contested political issue and remains one today,” he added.

Poland said others who take the course should use it as an opportunity to deeply explore the topic. “It was the first project of this size I have ever taken on, but with the help of my instructors, it truly was one of my favorite experiences during my time at Ole Miss,” he said.

William Schuerman

Schuerman is a senior journalism major from Houston, Texas, with a print emphasis and an environmental studies minor. “I enrolled in the class because, after I heard about the project, I knew there would be an opportunity to produce content about a subject I am very passionate about,” he said.

Schuerman, who hopes to work as a photojournalist and be published in National Geographic someday, said the class was different from others he’s taken. He traveled across the state helping other students create multimedia.

“Projects like this are where I have learned the most in my time at the University of Mississippi, so it was a logical step forward for me,” he said. “I feel that I always learn more when working in the field than purely sitting in the classroom.”

Fagans, an assistant professor of journalism, said he tried to ask questions to get students thinking about how to better cover their story area and how to tell it with infographics, photos or illustrations. “As with many of our ‘outside the classroom’ reporting opportunities, students learn valuable lessons when they get out into Mississippi and meet, interview and tell the stories of our residents,” he said.

Edmonson, a senior journalism major from Tupelo with minors in English and creative writing and an emphasis in social media, said she was curious about the effects of climate change in the state. Her focus was on saltwater aquaculture on the Gulf Coast, where she traveled with Fagans and Schuerman.

Abbey Edmonson

“Throughout the trip, we interviewed several people who are involved in the commercial fishing industry, specifically the oyster industry,” she said. “We toured the last oyster-shucking house in Mississippi, watched how oysters are bred and rode a boat out to an oyster farm. That trip is something I’ll hold onto forever because we got to interact firsthand with people who are experiencing real issues as a direct result of climate change.”

Students also interviewed people about possible solutions in the works, which “added a bright spot to an otherwise disheartening situation,” she said.

“I hope that, because of this project, people recognize that climate change is real and it is causing real repercussions, even in Mississippi,” Edmonson added. “Mississippi is rural and not nearly as populated as other areas of the country that are experiencing major effects of climate change. So, I feel like it often gets overlooked in the big picture of climate change.”

This article has been edited slightly from the original version appearing on the University of Mississippi website.

University of Mississippi Researchers Seek New Ways to Help People Who Stutter

By Halleigh Derrick

Faculty and student researchers at the University of Mississippi’s Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders are investigating ways to help people of all ages who stutter, a condition that affects between five and 10 percent of all children at some phase of their lives, according to the National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders.

The department’s Stuttering Science, Therapy, Advocacy and Research (SSTAR) Lab focuses its research on the science of stuttering as a means to create new treatment options. The SSTAR Lab also offers clinical services through the UM Speech and Hearing Center and serves as a training site for future speech-language pathologists learning to provide holistic patient care for those who stutter.

Greg Snyder, an associate professor of communication sciences and disorders at UM, worked with former students Molly Grace Williams and Caroline Adams on the lab’s most recent work, a study of stuttering and disclosure in children.

The team’s research is detailed in “The Effects of Different Sources of Stuttering Disclosure on the Perceptions of a Child Who Stutters,” published in the latest edition of Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Disclosure is simply when a person affirms that he or she stutters.

“Dr. Snyder is investigating disclosure of stuttering, which is one of the important avenues for managing stuttering,” said Vishaka Rawool, chair and professor of communication sciences and disorders at UM. “Stuttering can be concealed if a child chooses to keep quiet or only says a few utterances.”

When children disclose or share the fact that they stutter, it can reduce the perceived pressure to hide stuttering and increase self-esteem, confidence and quality of life, Rawool said. “In addition, disclosure has the potential to reduce the negative effects children can sometimes perceive or experience, including negative stereotypes, stigma, anxiety, depression and bullying,” she said. “Dr. Snyder’s continuing research in this area is expanding our knowledge about the most effective means of achieving disclosure.”

The study is the first of its kind to measure the effects of advocate disclosure on attitudes toward children who stutter, Snyder said.

this photo shows members of the SSTAR Lab, who are researching treatment options for stuttering at the University of Mississippi

SSTAR Lab members include (from left) Tiffany King, Peyton McKnight, Peyton Padgett, Dr. Greg Snyder, Rachel Davis, Ashley Koehler and Katelyn Geringswald. (Photo by Kevin Bain/Ole Miss Digital Imaging Services)

The work measures the effects of self-disclosure, mother-disclosure and advocate-disclosure on perceived speech skills and personality characteristics. Snyder and his students found there is a positive correlation between self- and advocate-disclosure, while a negative one when the mother takes on the responsibility.

“In essence, we’re trying to find better ways to give a voice to those struggling to find their own,” Snyder said. “Once you empower kids, kids will learn to empower themselves. The take-home point is that we’re going to solve this problem by increasing the resilience of children who stutter. We can’t fix the stuttering, but we can improve it.”

Rising seniors Katelyn Geringswald, of Olive Branch, Miss., and Madeline Simpson, of Houston, Texas, are continuing this research with Snyder, expanding their data on disclosure sources—including fathers, coaches and speech language pathologists—as a function of stuttering severity. They will also include the concept of perceived resilience in their data set.

“Stuttering was an area that I was not familiar with but was curious to learn more about,” Geringswald said. “I hope that our research will help with changing negative stereotypes that people who stutter experience. We hope to be able to teach children who stutter to be more resilient against these negative stereotypes.”

Graduates of the program, including Williams and Adams, are using their research and practical experience at top programs around the country, Snyder said.

After graduating from UM with her master’s in communication sciences and disorders, Williams moved to Nashville, Tenn., to work at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.

Her work there includes speech, language and cognitive communication and swallowing evaluations and treatment at Vanderbilt’s acute center; educating caregivers and providing cognitive communication and swallowing therapy for patients with dementia in the memory care facility; and at-home help for a variety of cognitive communication and swallowing disorders with Brookdale Home Health.

“I stay very busy, but I love how my schedule is different each week and I am constantly challenged by these different settings,” Williams said. “Although I do not currently work with people who have a stutter, I believe that those experiences taught me the value of research and how to provide evidence-based treatment for my patients.”

Adams is in graduate school at the School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences at the University of Texas at Dallas, working toward her Doctor of Audiology degree. “The older I get, the more I appreciate that so much of research in higher education is being an archer—sharpening these young professionals and then letting them loose into our world,” Snyder said.

this photo shows University of Mississippi scientists who developed a prosthetic device to help people overcome their stutters

University of Mississippi professors Greg Snyder (left), Paul Goggans and Dwight Waddell in 2012 developed a prosthetic device to help people who stutter speak more fluently. (Photo by Kevin Bain/Ole Miss Digital Imaging Services)

While the SSTAR Lab’s most recent research focuses on the stuttering community’s emotional well-being and self-efficacy, the multidisciplinary team of faculty researchers leading the lab’s efforts are best known for developing a wearable vibratory/tactile feedback prosthetic device that typically reduces stuttering frequency by about 80%.

Snyder joined forces with Dwight Waddell, director of the UM biomedical engineering program, an associate professor in electrical engineering and research associate professor in exercise science, and Paul Goggans, a professor of electrical engineering, to develop and patent the technology.

“Sharing the SSTAR Lab’s vision with colleagues, current students and alumni as a means of helping the underserved stuttering community is beyond fulfilling,” Snyder said. “The ability to live and work in an environment that supports the investment into stuttering research, our students and alumni has been exceedingly rewarding. It’s been an incredible blessing to be a part of the Ole Miss family.”